International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures N° 15 – ISPM 15 FAO
International Standards For Phytosanitary Measures No. 15 is a protocol for prevention of global spread of pests that lurk in the wood, signed in Rome in March 2002 by a number of countries.
Here below there is the list of countries that have signed the ISPM 15 FAO rule:
Albania, Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan;
Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso;
Cambodia, Canada, Cape Verde, Czech Republic, Chile, Cyprus, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba;
Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, European Union;
Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea Equatorial, Guinea, Guyana;
India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy;
Jamahiriya, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan;
Laos, Lebanon, Liberia, Libyan – Arab, Lithuania, Luxembourg;
Malawi, Malaysia, Mall, Malta, Morocco, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova;
Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway;
Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Republic of Cabo Verde;
Republic of China, Romania, Russia;
Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, South Korea, Slovenia, Spain, Sri Lanka, St. Kitt and Nevis, St. Vincent & The Grenadines, South Africa, Sudan, Suriname, Switzerland;
Thailand, Togo, Trinidad & Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey;
United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States of America, Uruguay;
It is not mandatory to use packaging labeled and treated ISPM 15 FAO for shipments within the EU, with the exception of packaging from Portugal.
All wooden packaging used in the packaging of a consignment must be treated ISPM 15 FAO; even rough lumber, new and used pallets, collars, crates, boxes, packaging for wine, fruit and vegetables products, coils, stands, tripods, saddles, skid and wood materials for stowage (dunnage). The ISPM 15 FAO protocol provides that such materials are treated in a special HT oven, whose inside temperature of the wood is about 60 degrees for 32 minutes. This obligation does not cover the wood-based materials, made with a manufacture: plywood, OSB, wood wool, sawdust, chips and the like, particularly raw wood cut into pieces with a thickness of less than 6 mm.
The ISPM 15 FAO standard has defined a mark which must be affixed on the packaging identifying the responsible of the treatment.